Tamil Nadu is the top producer of wind energy in India and also hosts the country’s largest wind farm at Kanyakumari with an installed capacity of 1,500 MW.
The coastal state receives heavy wind flows for almost about six months, followed by moderate flow of wind for another four months. The southern state also recieves clear sunshine for 300 days on an average.
The state’s renewable energy production, however, is under stress due to multiple reasons, including policy-based challenges and increase in market share of solar energy.
Tamil Nadu, in overall, has 9,286 MW wind power generation installed capacity, but evacuation is only around 5,000 MW. Now, after almost three years of stagnation, the state is under pressure to install additional winder power generation capacity so as to comply with the renewable power obligation norms prescribed by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission.
According to the Government of India plan, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set an ambitious target of 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable capacity by the year 2022. The government also envision taking it to 450 GW by 2030.
But India’s Installed renewable energy capacity from all sources is a little under 369 GW at the end of January 2020. Out of this installed capacity small hydro, wind, solar and bio-power account for over 86.3 GW of this total.
India is going through large scale migration and middle-class spending capacity is growing to fuel more economic and business momentum for the coming decade. This will also increase India’s energy needs. According to recent BP’s Statistical Review of World Energy statistics, India’s primary energy consumption hit 809.2 million tons of oil equivalent in 2018.
Here the renewable policy initiative and targets are set for India to achieve India the first economy to become net carbon neutral.
But to go with global carbon-neutral target is very difficult to achieve. If humanity is to be saved, it is high time that we should vigorously pursue our renewable energy target and achieve net carbon neutrality as quickly and early as possible.
I hope India will come up with its policies in the renewable space as we progress to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals.